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Part One: Writing and Designing Papers
Chapter 1: Learning Across the Curriculum
1a. Use Writing to Learn as You Learn to Write
1b. Explore Ways of Learning in a multimedia world
1c. Use strategies for learning in a multilingual world.
Chapter 2: Understanding Assignments
2a. Recognize that writing is a process.
2b. Find an appropriate topic.
2c. Be clear about the purpose of your assignment.
2d. Use the appropriate genre.
2e. Ask questions about your audience.
2f. Determine the appropriate tone.
2g. Meet early to discuss coauthored projects.
2h. Gather the tools you need to get started.
Chapter 3: Planning and Shaping the Whole Essay
3a. Explore your ideas.
3b. Decide on a thesis.
3c. Plan a structure that suits your assignment.
3d. Consider using visuals.
Chapter 4: Drafting Paragraphs and Thinking about Visuals
4a. Use online tools for drafting.
4b. Write focused paragraphs.
4c. Write paragraphs that have a clear organization.
4d. Develop ideas and use visuals strategically.
4e. Integrate visuals effectively.
4f. Craft an introduction that establishes your purpose.
4g. Conclude by answering "so what?"
Chapter 5: Revising and Editing
5a. Get comments from readers.
5b. Use resources available on your campus, on the Internet, and in your community.
5c. Use online tools for revising.
5d. Focus on the purpose of your writing.
5e. Make sure you have a strong thesis.
5f. Review the structure of your paper as a whole.
5g. Revise your essay for paragraph development, paragraph unity, and coherence.
5h. Revise visuals.
5i. Edit sentences.
5j. Proofread carefully before you turn in your paper.
5k. Learn from one student’s revisions.
Chapter 6: Designing Academic Papers and Preparing Portfolios
6a. Consider audience and purpose when making design decisions.
6b. Use the toolbars available in your word-processing program.
6c. Think intentionally about design.
6d. Compile a print or electronic portfolio that presents your work to your advantage.
Part Two: Common Assignments Across the Curriculum
Chapter 7: Reading, Thinking, Writing: the Critical Connection
7a. Recognize that critical reading is a process.
7b. Preview the text or visual.
7c. Read and record your initial impressions.
7d. Reread using annotation and summary to analyze and interpret.
7e. Synthesize your observations in a critical response paper.
Chapter 8:Informative Reports
8a. Understand the assignment.
8b. Approach writing an informative report as a process.
8c. Know how to write an informative report in the social sciences.
8d. Know how to write reviews of the literature.
8e. Know how to write informative papers in the sciences.
8f. Know how to write lab reports.
8g. Informative reports in the humanities.
Chapter 9: Interpretive Analyses and Writing about Literature
9a. Understand the assignment.
9b. Approach writing an interpretive analysis as a process.
9c. Learn to write interpretive papers in the humanities.
9d. Write a literary interpretation of a poem.
9e. Write a literary interpretation of a work of fiction.
9f. Write a literary interpretation of a play.
9g. Learn to write interpretive papers in the social sciences.
9h. Know how to write case studies
9i. Learn to write interpretive papers in the sciences.
Chapter 10: Arguments
10a. Understand the assignment.
10b. Learn how to evaluate an argument.
10c. Approach writing your own argument as a process.
10d. Arguments in the social sciences.
10e. Arguments in the humanities.
10f. Arguments in the sciences.
Chapter 11: Personal essays, Lab Reports, and Case Studies
11a. Understand the assignment.
11b. Approach writing a personal essay as a process.
Chapter 12: Essay Exams
12a. Prepare to take an essay exam.
12b. Learn strategies for answering essay exams.
Chapter 13: Oral Reports and Presentations
13a. Plan and shape your oral presentation.
13b. Draft your presentation with the rhetorical situation in mind.
13c. Prepare for your presentation.
Chapter 14: Multimedia Writing
14a. Learn about the tools for creating multimedia texts.
14b. Combine text and image with a word processing program to analyze images.
14c. Use a word processing program to create a hypertext essay.
14d. Use presentation software to create multimedia presentations.
14e. Create a web site.
14f. Create and interact with blogs.
Part Three: Researching
Chapter 15: Understanding Research
15a. Understand the purpose of primary and secondary research.
15b. Recognize the connection between research and college writing.
15c. Understanding the research assignment.
15d. Choose and interesting research question for critical inquiry.
15e. Create a research plan.
Chapter 16: Finding and Managing Print and Online Sources
16a. Use the library in person and online.
16b. Consult various kinds of sources.
16c. Understand keywords and keyword searches.
16d. Use print and online reference works for general information.
16e. Use print indexes and online databases to find journal articles and other periodicals.
16f. Use search engines and subject directories to find sources on the internet.
16g. Use your library’s online catalog or card catalog to find books.
16h. Take advantage of printed and online government documents.
16i. Explore online communication.
Chapter 17: Finding and Designing Effective Visuals
17a. Find quantitative data and display it visually.
17b. Search for appropriate images in online collections, with an internet search engine, or in books and journals and other print sources.
Chapter 18: Evaluating Sources
18a. Question print sources.
18b. Question Internet sources.
18c. Evaluate a source’s arguments.
Chapter 19: Doing Research in the Archive, Field, and Lab
19a. Adhere to ethical principles when doing primary research.
19b. Prepare yourself before undertaking archival research.
19c. Plan your field research carefully.
19d. Keep a notebook when doing lab research.
Chapter 20: Plagiarism, Copyright, and Intellectual Property
20a. Learn how plagiarism relates to copyright and intellectual property.
20b. Avoid plagiarism.
20c. Use copyrighted materials fairly.
Chapter 21: Working with Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism
21a. Maintain a working bibliography.
*21b. Create an annotated bibliography
21c. Take notes on your sources.
21d. Integrating quotations, paraphrases, and summaries properly and effectively.
21e. Synthesis: Take stock of what you have learned.
Chapter 22: Writing the Paper
22a. Plan and draft your paper.
22b. Revise your draft.
22c. Document your sources.
22d. Present and publish your work.
Part Four: Documenting Across the Curriculum
Chapter 23: MLA Documentation Style
*(Foldout) Resources for Writers: MLA Documentation
23a. The elements of MLA documentation style
23b. MLA style: In-text citations
23c. MLA Style: List of works Cited
23d. MLA style: Explanatory notes and acknowledgments
23e. MLA style: Paper Format
23f. Student paper in MLA style
Chapter 24: APA Documentation Style
*(Foldout) Resources for Writers: APA Documentation
24a. The elements of APA documentation style
24b. APA style: In-text citations
24c. APA style: References
24d. APA style: Paper format
24e Student paper in APA style
Chapter 25: Chicago Documentation Style
25a. Chicago style: In-text citations and notes
25b. Chicago style: Bibliography
25c. Sample Chicago-style notes and bibliography entries
25d. Sample from a student paper in Chicago style
Chapter 26: CSE Documentation Styles
26a. In-text citations
26b. List of References
26c. Sample references list: CSE name-year style
26d. Sample references list: CSE citation-name style
Part Five: Writing Beyond College
Chapter 27: Service Learning and Community-Service Writing
27a. Address the community on behalf of your organization.
27b. Design brochures, newsletters, and posters with an eye to purpose and audience.
Chapter 28: Letters to Raise Awareness and Share Concern
28a. Write about a Public Issue.
28b. Write as a Consumer.
Chapter 29: Writing to Get and Keep a Job
29a. Explore internship possibilities, and keep a portfolio of career-related writing.
29b. Keep your résumé up-to-date and available on a computer disk.
29c. Write an application letter that highlights the information on your résumé and demonstrates that your skills match the job you are seeking.
29d. Prepare in advance for the job interview.
29e. Apply what you learn in college to your on-the-job writing.
Part Six: Grammar Basics
*(Foldout)Resources for Writers: Identifying and Editing Common Problems/Resources for Multilingual Writers
Chapter 30: The Parts of Speech
Chapter 31: Sentence Basics
31a. Sentence purpose
31c. Predicates: Verbs and their objects or complements
31d. What are phrases and clauses?
31e. Noun phrases and verb phrases
31f. Verbals and verbal phrases
31g. Appositive phrases
31h. Absolute phrases
31i. Dependent clauses
31j. Sentence structures
Part Seven: Editing for Grammar Conventions
Chapter 32: Sentence Fragments
32a. Learn to identify sentence fragments.
32b. Learn how to edit sentence fragments.
32c. Connect a phrase fragment to another sentence, or add the missing elements.
32d. Connect a dependent-clause fragment to another sentence, or make it into a sentence by eliminating or changing the subordinating word.
Chapter 33: Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences
33a. Learn how to identify comma splices and run-on sentences.
33b. Learn five ways to edit comma splices and run-on sentences.
33c. Join the two clauses with a comma and a coordinating conjunction such as and, but, or, nor, for, so, or yet.
33d. Join the two clauses with a semicolon.
33e. Separate the clauses into two sentences.
33f. Turn one of the independent clauses into a dependent clause.
33g. Transform the two clauses into one independent clause.
Chapter 34: Subject-Verb Agreement
34a. Learn how to identify problems with subject-verb agreement.
34b. Learn to edit errors in subject-verb agreement.
34c. Do not lose sight of the subject when other words separate it from the verb.
34d. Learn to distinguish plural from singular compound subjects.
34e. Treat most collective nouns—nouns like audience, family, and committee—as singular subjects.
34f. Treat most indefinite subjects—subjects like everybody, no one, each, all, and none—as singular.
34g. Make sure that the subject and verb agree when the subject comes after the verb.
34h. Make sure that the verb agrees with its subject, not the subject complement.
34i. Who, which, and that (relative pronouns) take verbs that agree with the subject they replace.
34j. Gerund phrases (phrases beginning with an –ing verb treated as a noun) take the singular form of the verb when they are subjects.
Chapter 35: Problems with Verbs
35a. Learn the principal forms of regular and irregular verbs.
35b. Learn to identify and edit problems with common irregular verbs.
35c. Distinguish between lay and lie, sit and set, and rise and raise.
35d. Do not forget to add an –s or –es ending to the verb when it is necessary.
35e. Do not forget to add a –d or –ed ending to the verb when it is necessary.
35f. Make sure your verbs are complete.
35g. Use verb tenses accurately.
35h. Use the past perfect tense to indicate an action completed at a specific time or before another event.
35i. Use the present tense for literary events, scientific facts, and introductions to quotations.
35j. Make sure infinitives and participles fit with the tense of the main verb.
35k. Use the subjunctive mood for wishes, requests, and conjecture.
35l. Choose the active voice unless a special situation calls for the passive.
Chapter 36: Problems with Pronouns
36a. Learn to identify problems with pronoun case.
36b. Learn to edit for pronoun case.
36c. Use the correct pronouns in compound structures.
36d. Use the correct pronoun in subject complements.
36e. Use the correct pronoun in appositives.
36f. Use either we or us before a noun, depending on the noun’s function.
36g. Use the correct pronoun in comparisons with than or as.
36h. Use the correct form when the pronoun is the subject or the object of an infinitive.
36i. Use the possessive case in front of a gerund.
36j. Distinguish between